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Computer Programming Fundamentals You Should Know



Quick!  Can you tell me how to prepare a bowl of cereal with milk?  Too simple, right?  You can probably give me a series of no-brainer instructions that I can perform in less than a minute.  Now try telling a computer to do just that.  What began as a simple task has now become complicated.  It's not just a matter of dumping a cup of cereal in a bowl and pouring milk in.  With computers, it's so much more than that.  Sounds exciting?  It should be.  Because that's what you'll expect once you begin learning computer programming fundamentals.




The basics


Computer programming is a whole new world of possibilities.  Believe it or not, programming actually began in the 1200s, when simple machines were designed to execute simple mechanical tasks.  It has grown both as an art and as a science since then, providing us with the technologies that have made many aspects of our lives easier and faster.  




Once you start learning computer programming, some of the basic stuff you'll encounter include:




- The basic understanding of the discipline


You'll need a good background in the field in order for you to understand how it really works.  With a solid foundation built on knowing the basics of computer programming, it will be easier to comprehend its details, including procedures, steps and other instructions.




- Understanding the types of programming


Essentially, there are two basic types of programming, each of which has its own uses and set of advantages and limitations.  Procedural programming, while older, is quite useful particularly because it is a much simpler way to tell a computer what to do.  It is also the heart and soul of many computer languages.  Basically, it's an input-output operation, where a user or programmer inputs a set of instructions and a computer reacts to it by executing those instructions.  Learning procedural programming helps new programmers understand elements such as sequence, selection, and iteration.




The other type of programming is object-oriented, which is relatively newer.  This type of programming treats instructions as a set of objects, something that is more convenient in many of the programs that are in use today.  With object-oriented programming, you'll learn an object's properties, event handlers, and methods.  




You'll learn both types of programming as part of a fundamental or basic course.  These will help you understand how to design codes that are easy for a computer to understand and effective enough to execute.  Using the cereal and milk analogy, for example, you will be able to write a code that will tell a computer how to pour the right amount of cereal into a bowl and how much milk to use, in that order.  And if you're truly good, you can even tell the computer what specific type of cereal and milk to use.




- Understanding the nature of the code


Another important basic knowledge you must learn in programming is understanding codes.  While their functions are generally the same ñ that is, to power a computer program ñ codes differ in design and use depending on the language.  Codes are at the heart of a computer program and will be one of the basics you will learn in programming.




- Learning problem-solving


Much of your time as a first-time computer programmer will be spent poring over problems ñ how to create a source code for a desired end result, how to fix a bug, how to solve a glitch, how to put things together or in sequence so they work.  You'll learn how to look at a problem, break it down into its solvable components, and come up with ways to solve it.




- Thinking logically.


If you're not a fan of mathematics and logic, you'll be dismayed to know that many of the computer programming fundamentals you'll be learning will require you to think in numbers, figures, and sequences.  However, these basics are easy to learn, provided you have the patience to follow the right steps.  Once you've trained your mind to think like this, you're well on your way to a great career as a computer programmer.


For its museums, parks, theaters, and businesses, New York City is also a great location for schools that offer computer programming courses. New York has always been pioneering in many ways, and it offers plenty of opportunities for highly in-demand courses related to computer science. Here are some resources that can help you look for computer programming courses in New York City:


New York University

NYU is a recognized leader in the field of education and is acknowledged as one of the top universities in the U.S. It is an excellent institution for many fields of study in academia, but it also has a solid curriculum offering courses in computer programming.


To find out about the type of courses the school offers, go to their website (www.cs.nyu.edu) and look for their current course list. The link will bring you to their computer science department page. The course list will outline the courses offered for a particular semester so you will have an idea of which course to take.


Computer-Schools

Computer-Schools.us is a website that lists schools anywhere in the United States. The site lets you look for the physical locations of schools, or if you prefer, you can search for schools offering online courses. The site lists a good number of computer programming schools you can check out. To look for courses, you can click on the links for more detailed information.


Education-Portal

Education-Portal.com is another website that lists schools in New York offering courses in computer programming. You can click on the link to the schools to find more information about specific subjects and courses you might be interested in. The site also offers information about schools offering computer programming courses that lead to certification, perfect if you want to build a serious career in this field.


New York Institute of Technology

The NYIT in Old Westbury offers courses in computer programming. You can check out their site (www.nyit.edu) or send an e-mail to inquire about admission requirements at admissions@nyit.edu.


FutureKids

FutureKids is an excellent provider of courses in computer programming, especially for younger participants. Some of their offerings include C/C++, HTML, XHTML, Visual Basic, and Computer Graphics, among others. If you want children to develop an early interest in a career involving computers, this is a good place to start.


Columbia University

Columbia University's Department of Computer Science is an excellent source of information about computer programming courses. It also offers courses in related fields such as software engineering, networking, and web development.


Berkeley College

Berkeley has a New York City campus that offers some excellent courses in computer programming. You can check out their site at www.berkeleycollege.edu or send them an e-mail at info@berkeleycollege.edu. Other courses include web design, software engineering, and networking.


NetCom Information Technology

NetCom Info has a wide range of choices for computer programming courses. It is currently recognized as a top training center in New York. It offers over 250 computer-related courses and about 40 certification programs. The center is a partner to several IT companies and has key relationships with many large corporations. It is also an authorized provider of training by companies such as Microsoft, IBM, Oracle, Linux, and Novell, among others.


NetCom is one of the best places to obtain computer programming courses in New York City. If the type and quality of computer programming courses from this center do not attract you, its address will - it's located on the 7th floor of the Empire State Building.


Computer Programming Fundamentals You Should Know


Quick! Can you tell me how to prepare a bowl of cereal with milk? Too simple, right? You can probably give me a series of no-brainer instructions that I can perform in less than a minute. Now try telling a computer to do just that. What began as a simple task has now become complicated. It's not just a matter of dumping a cup of cereal in a bowl and pouring milk in. With computers, it's so much more than that. Sounds exciting? It should be. Because that's what you'll expect once you begin learning computer programming fundamentals.


The basics


Computer programming is a whole new world of possibilities. Believe it or not, programming actually began in the 1200s when simple machines were designed to execute simple mechanical tasks. It has grown both as an art and as a science since then, providing us with the technologies that have made many aspects of our lives easier and faster.


Once you start learning computer programming, some of the basic stuff you'll encounter includes:


  • The basic understanding of the discipline


You'll need a good background in the field to understand how it really works. With a solid foundation built on knowing the basics of computer programming, it will be easier to comprehend its details, including procedures, steps, and other instructions.


  • Understanding the types of programming


Essentially, there are two basic types of programming, each of which has its own uses and set of advantages and limitations. Procedural programming, while older, is quite useful, particularly because it is a much simpler way to tell a computer what to do. It is also the heart and soul of many computer languages. Basically, it's an input-output operation, where a user or programmer inputs a set of instructions, and a computer reacts to it by executing those instructions. Learning procedural programming helps new programmers understand elements such as sequence, selection, and iteration.


The other type of programming is object-oriented, which is relatively newer. This type of programming treats instructions as a set of objects, something that is more convenient in many of the programs that are in use today. With object-oriented programming, you'll learn an object's properties, event handlers, and methods.


You'll learn both types of programming as part of a fundamental or basic course. These will help you understand how to design codes that are easy for a computer to understand and effective enough to execute. Using the cereal and milk analogy, for example, you will be able to write a code that will tell a computer how to pour the right amount of cereal into a bowl and how much milk to use, in that order. And if you're truly good, you can even tell the computer what specific type of cereal and milk to use.


  • Understanding the nature of the code


Another important basic knowledge you must learn in programming is understanding codes. While their functions are generally the same - that is, to power a computer program - codes differ in design and use depending on the language. Codes are at the heart of a computer program and will be one of the basics you will learn in programming.


  • Learning problem-solving


Much of your time as a first-time computer programmer will be spent poring over problems - how to create a source code for a desired end result, how to fix a bug, how to solve a glitch, how to put things together or in sequence so they work. You'll learn how to look at a problem, break it down to its solvable components, and come up with ways to solve it.


  • Thinking logically.


If you're not a fan of mathematics and logic, you'll be dismayed to know that many of the computer programming fundamentals you'll be learning will require you to think in numbers, figures, and sequences. However, these basics are easy to learn, provided you have the patience to follow the right steps. Once you've trained your mind to think like this, you're well on your way to a great career as a computer programmer.


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